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Malcolm Knowles and others theorized that methods used to teach children are often not the most effective means of teaching adults. In The Modern Practice of Adult EducationKnowles defined andragogy as "an emerging technology for adult learning. Initially defined as, "the art and science of helping adults learn," andragogy has come to be understood as an alternative to pedagogy; a learner-focused approach for people of all ages.
Employers are more and more considering work based training for their apprentices as a viable alternative to sending them to a TAFE college. Why is this happening? I think the answer lies in the assumptions and principles of Andragogy.
Summary: Andragogy refers to a theory of adult learning that details some of the ways in which adults learn differently than children. For example, adults tend to be more self-directed, internally motivated, and ready to learn. Teachers can draw on concepts of andragogy to increase the effectiveness of their adult education classes. Originator: Malcom Shepherd Knowles
Engagement and motivation are two of the greatest barriers to both the delivery of education and the implementation of the knowledge gained. Andragogy is a term that was coined to describe the teaching of adults. Although this term has been in use since the s, in recent times it is Malcolm Knowles who has become synonymous with this term, well known for his work in understanding how the adult learner differsand the science behind how best to teach them.
See, also: malcolm knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy. The term andragogy was originally formulated by a German teacher, Alexander Kapp, in Nottingham Andragogy Group v. The he only used it on two occasions.
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If you're in the education field, you've probably heard of pedagogy. You've probably sat in seminars on the best pedagogy practices. If you're an education student, you've encountered the term multiple times in your classes. But are you familiar with the term "andragogy"?
Andragogy refers to methods and principles used in adult education. Interpreted broadly throughout academic literature, the term also invites other definitions such as " adult education practice", "desirable values", "specific teaching methods", "reflections", and "academic discipline"with many authors claiming it to be better than traditional adult education. The term has been used by some to allow discussion of contrast between self-directed and self-taught education.