Upon the rise of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Party the Nazi Party in Germany, gay men and, to a lesser extent, lesbianswere two of the numerous groups targeted by the Nazis and were ultimately among Holocaust victims. The Gestapo compiled lists of homosexuals, who were compelled to sexually conform to the "German norm". Between andan estimatedmen were arrested as homosexuals, of whom some 50, were officially sentenced.
In March Stalin re-criminalised homosexuality across the whole of the Soviet Union. Henceforth anyone involved in homosexual acts could be sent to prison for three to five years. In the early years of the Russian Revolution, however, homosexuality had been legalised — but this is something you will find little mention of in the literature produced by the official Communist Parties after
However, five million additional individuals were persecuted, including a significant proportion of homosexuals. Our report does not include female homosexuals because at this time sexual relations between women was not illegal and therefore they were not persecuted for their sexuality. The estimate of homosexual victims of the Holocaust ranges from less than 10, to one million, as the result of a variety of factors.
Russian authorities should investigate allegations of a new wave of anti-lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT persecution in Chechnya and take steps to protect rights defenders and journalists who expose abuses there, Human Rights Watch said today. On the day the complaint was filed, a YouTube video with explicit threats against Kochetkov began circulating on social media. On January 30, he filed a complaint about the threats, but there has been no action by the authorities either about the persecution in Chechnya or about the threats to Kochetkov.
Jump to navigation. Last week, Christian nurse Shirley Chaplin lost her appeal to wear a crucifix around her neck in hospital wards. Teacher Suspended for Posting Anti-Gay Marriage Views on Facebook "'It was my own personal comment on my own personal time on my own personal computer in my own personal house, exercising what I believed as a social studies teacher to be my First Amendment rights,' Buell told Fox.
Tunis — Tunisia should revise its laws and practices to recognize and protect the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people, Human Rights Watch said today on the International Day against Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia. Human Rights Watch joined the Civil Coalition for Individual Freedoms in Tunisia today in issuing a statement that called on the government to decriminalize consensual same-sex conduct, end forced anal examinations, recognize transgender people, and stop harassing LGBT organizations. A court of appeal is expected to issue a ruling in the case on May
Time: November 1,p. A rare photo showing the interior of a lesbian bar in Germany. Although male homosexuality was illegal in Germany, the fragile Weimar Republic of the s and early s afforded a more tolerant atmosphere for gay and lesbian lifestyles.
This outline focuses upon the legacy of Paragraph of the German Constitution, used by the Nazis to systematically persecute homosexuals. It is closely based on the acclaimed documentary Paragraph and also makes use of readings from Holocaust and Human Behavior. It is important to establish the appropriate historical context of Paragraph for students before proceeding with this lesson outline. Paragraph was initially added to the German Constitution in
The deaths were reportedly caused by the use of torture by police. The reports on Monday echo those fromwhen hundreds of gay men were rounded up by police in Chechnya and subjected to beatings and electric shocks in secret prisons, provoking international condemnation and sanctions. If confirmed, the new detentions and killings would show that pressure on Russia and the Chechen leader, Ramzan Kadyrovhas not dissuaded him from presiding over modern-day pogroms against LGBT people in the conservative republic.
On May 6,Nazis ransacked the "Institute for Sexual Science" in Berlin; four days later, as part of large public burnings of books viewed as "un-German," thousands of books plundered from the Institute's library were thrown into a huge bonfire. The institute was founded in by Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld It sponsored research and discussion on marital problems, sexually transmitted diseases, and laws relating to sexual offenses, abortion, and homosexuality.